Flipped Learning and the WSQ Strategy
“Flipping” is not a brief fad in education where teachers substitute in-class lectures for online video tutorials. For those new to the idea, “flipped learning” should be understood more expansively as one model of “blended teaching”: teachers maximize student learning by taking full advantage of digital-age technologies and pedagogies both inside and outside of the formal classroom setting.
The Flipped Learning Network’s (FLN) definition provides a more concrete understanding of this teaching strategy:
Flipped Learning is a pedagogical approach in which direct instruction moves from the group learning space to the individual learning space, and the resulting group space is transformed into a dynamic, interactive learning environment where the educator guides students as they apply concepts and engage creatively in the subject matter (“What is Flipped Learning,” FLN).
The FLN uses the FLIP acronym to spell out the key parts of a flipped classroom:
Flexible Learning Environment: Flexible learning spaces, student expectations, assessments, and approaches to teaching.
Learning Culture: Learner-centered approach where students are actively involved in their own learning and are supported to learn more deeply.
Intentional Content: Constantly honing content and resources to help each student master concept and skills.
Professional Educator: Reflective practitioners design learning experiences, guide the process, and solicit feedback from students, while also connecting with peers as part of an iterative teaching practice designed to improve instruction (adapted from “What is Flipped Learning,” FLN).
While there is no one way or step-by-step process for teachers to starting flipping their classroom, the WSQ (pronounced “whisk”) approach developed by California educator Crystal Kirch is a helpful model to start with.
WSQ is short for “watch, summarize, and question.” As Chrystal writes, “The WSQ is a tool that helps to organize content and materials, hold students accountable for actually watching the content, gives structured processing time for students to think deeply about their learning, gather feedback from students about their understanding and misconceptions, and prepares for and facilitates discussion among students during class time” (WSQ (Whisk) Away to FlipClass Success).
Interested teachers should sign up for a free webinar Crystal is hosting on June 11: WSQ (Whisk) Away to FlipClass Success: Designing an Effective Flipped Learning Environment.
Here are additional resources to help you integrate WSQ or flipped learning in your classroom:
- 5 Reasons Why I Love the WSQ (Watch-Summarize-Question) Method (Flipped Classroom Learning blog post)
- 7 Things You Should Know about Flipped Classroom (Educause)
- Edudemic’s Guide to the Flipped Classroom 2015
- Elementary Teacher Flipped Classroom: Sample Website
- FlippedClass.com (website by founders of “flipping” model)
- Flipped Class in Elementary and Middle Grades (posts from the Flipped Classroom Workshop blog)
- Flipped Class in High Schools (posts from the Flipped Classroom Workshop blog)
- Flipped Learning Founders Set the Record Straight (THE Journal)
- Flipped Learning Network website
- Flipped Learning: So You Want to Flip Your Math Class? Start Here. Part 3 in Our Series on Flipped Learning (CUE blog post by Crystal Kirch)
- Flipped Learning Toolkit: Overcoming Common Hurdles (Edutopia blog post)
- Flipping with Fisher: WSQ Forms/Charts (5th Grade teacher blog post)
- Flipping with Kirch (Crystal Kirch’s blog)
- Flipping: A Why/How Webinar (archived webinar by Crystal Kirch posted on Sophia Learning’s School of Thought blog)
- Getting Students to Watch and Engage With Flipped Videos with Crystal Kirch’s WSQ Technique (Flipped Classroom Workshop blog post)
- It’s About Time: An Introduction to the Flipped Classroom – Part I (CUE blog post)
- Mastering Math Analysis with Mrs Kirch
- Sample Teacher Flipped Classroom Flow Chart (shared by Crystal Kirch)
- Sample Teacher Letter to Parents: What is the Flipped Classroom? (shared by Crystal Kirch)
- Sample Teacher Routines for Flipping: Introduction for New Students (shared by Crystal Kirch)
- WSQing your Way to #FlipClass Success (Google Doc with resources shared by Crystal Kirch)
by Colleen Worrell, PhD|Secondary Technology Integration Coordinator at HHSfirstname.lastname@example.org|Twitter @cdworrell Image via Pixabay and shared & modified under Public Domain license.